Let’s dive in to another interesting – and bewildering – slice of Jewish Sabbatean history.
Following on from the last post, I wanted to take a closer look at the figure of ‘Moses Dobrushka’.
In the standard history we’re all taught, Moses Dobrushka is the son of Salomon and Schondel Dobrushka, a wealthy couple in Brnn / Brno, Czechoslavakia, where Jacob Frank goes to hang out for a few years, beginning 1773.
Moses is destined for the rabbinate, but in some versions of the ‘story’, he develops a taste for German poetry and becomes just another assimilation story.
In other (slightly more truthful….) versions of the story, Moses Dobruska is acknowledged to be a relative of Jacob Frank via his mother, “Schondl”. Schondl is fingered by Jacob Emden as being the defacto ‘leader’ of Sabbatean / Frankism in Moravia.
In contrast to most of the Polish uber-Frankists, who publically convert out of the faith to Catholicism, the Moravian Frankists stay outwardly Jewish – at least, for many years post-Frank.
But then the next generation starts to assimilate….
This comes from HERE:
On Dec. 17, 1773, Dobruska embraced the Roman Catholic faith, and at his baptism in Prague assumed the name of Franz Thomas Schönfeld. Subsequently, together with his brothers, he was raised to the nobility (1778); and for some time he held the position of associate director of the famous Garelli Library in Vienna.
Nothing is known in regard to the cause of Dobruska’s execution.
When his niece decided to convert to xtianity, together with her husband ‘Moses Dobrushka’, uncle Joachim got really upset, and threatened to disinherit her.
Here ends the ‘official’ version of the story usually told in the Jewish world, full as it is of holes, evasions and even obvious falsehoods.
Let’s see if we can figure out what really happened, and who the real Moses Dobrushka actually was.
Before we begin, here’s a quick note on the name ‘Dobrushka’, and why I think it’s obviously made up.
After Jacob Frank’s conversion to Polish Catholicism in 1759 (at his second baptism in November of that year, he had the Polish King Augustus III as his godfather), Jacob Frank becomes known as ‘Josef Dobrucki‘.
Dobrucki just means ‘good person’ in Polish.
And ‘Dobrushka’ is just a regional variation on that name, and thus, is made up.
I have more reasons for thinking that, and I’ll set those out as we go along.
Now, let’s return to ‘Moses Dobrushka’, to see if we can figure out more of his family connections.
The first clue was Joachim Popper.
Or “Joachim Edler von Popper” (1722 – 1795), to give him his ennobled title. I’m going to bring the full Wiki entry for him here, as it’s a) pretty short and b) full of interesting information, that will help us try to track the real Moses Dobrushka down:
Joachim Edler von Popper (20 October 1722 – 11 May 1795) came from family of entrepreneurs and communal leaders from Březnice (Breznitz) in the Kingdom of Bohemia, now the Czech Republic. His father, Wolf Popper, was a Primator (Chief Judge) of the Jews of Bohemia.
Joachim Popper moved from Březnice to Prague and prospered there as a merchant (woolens, potash, whalebone), banker and manufacturer.
In the mid-eighteenth century, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II held a monopoly of tobacco in Austria-Hungary. Leopold divided the monopoly into leases and awarded them to Joachim, Israel Edler von Hönigsberg, and Salomon Dobruschka.
Joachim did not have any biological children, but he adopted his great-nephew Simon Popper, who inherited his title as Simon Edler von Popper. He also adopted his nephew Abraham Löbl Duschenes, who inherited his title as Andreas Josef Edler von Popper, and Elke Joß, who married Moses Dobruška.
Elke was disinherited because of her conversion.
So, I understood from this that there were three Jews who were making money in Moravia as tobacco merchants at this time, namely Joachim Popper, Israel Edler von Honisgberg, and Salomon Dobrushka – father of Moses, and husband of ‘Schondl’, the leading Sabbateans in Bohemia.
I could find precious little about the ‘Dobrushkas’ online, but the most useful thing I found – by far – was this account of them, on YIVO. Please do go and read it yourself, as it’s very interesting, and while I’m going to copy a few snippets below, it’s good to see all this stuff in situ.
See how many distortions you can spot for yourself, in this opening paragraph:
Prominent Moravian family that took its name from its patriarch, Jacob Moses Wimer (d. 1763), who came from Dobruschka, a small town near Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) in Bohemia.
In 1730 Wimer moved to Brünn (Brno) as a widower with two children, and despite the fact that Jews were forbidden to live in that city, was given permission to settle and to deal first in precious stones and jewelry, and later in spices and tobacco.
In 1750 he was granted a monopoly on the tobacco trade for the royal cities of Moravia.
Dobruschka’s daughter Esther married Adam Oppenheimer of Vienna, a relative of the court purveyor Samuel Oppenheimer. Dobruschka’s son Solomon (1715–1774) married Schöndl, daughter of Löbl Hirschl of Rzeszów and Güttel Jacobi of Prossnitz.
This is what it says about the Dobrushka family on geni.
You’ll notice something very interesting:
There are almost no children or grandchildren listed.
That always gives me a ‘red flag’ that I’m dealing with manipulated information, because usually it’s the children (the descendants…) who are inputting all this information about their ancestors onto the site. If there are no descendants, then where is all this ‘info’ coming from?
I can also find absolutely no information, in any form, about this ‘Jacob Moses Wimer’, who is supposedly the ancestor of Salomon Dobrushka.
And we already covered how ‘Dobrushka’ is a made up name.
Here’s some other things that set the antenna quivering:
Prossnitz is the home of the infamous Sabbatean ‘false messiah’ (and teacher of Jonathan Eybshutz), Yehuda Leib Prossnitz. There is no info anywhere on ‘Lobl Hirshl’ (other than what I discussed in this post), nor on ‘Guttl Jacobi’.
(BTW, ‘Jacobi’ or some other play on the word ‘Jacob’, like Jacobson, or Jacobovitz was used by lots of Frank’s descendants.)
I’m stressing this stuff so you can see how secular Jewish ‘academia’ is also very much part of the cover-up going on here.
So basically, in the real world, I hit a dead end very fast trying to track down ‘Schondl and Salomon Dobrushka’.
Lucky, I had a few other angles to explore.
Before we move on, tho, there’s some more pertinent information you should know about Moses Dobruska:
After he and his bride convert in 1775, Dobrushka becomes acquainted with a non-Jewish freemason in Prague called Adolf Ferdinand Edler von Schönfeld, whose name they adopt when they become ennobled.
According to YIVO:
[H]e also became acquainted with a group of former Jesuits who now practiced Freemasonry.
This connection resulted in his involvement with the creation of the Order of Asiatic Brethren, a Masonic organization founded in Vienna in 1780 or 1781 with the avowed purpose of accepting both Jews and Christians into its ranks.
Dobruschka devised a syncretic Masonic rite, introducing into it elements of Kabbalah as well as the fashionable ideas of the philosophes.
After a quarrel with the other leaders, however, he left the order in 1785.
We’ll come back to the Order of Asiatic Brethren in a future post. But it has ‘New World Order’ and ‘One World Religion’ stamped all over it.
Let’s see what else ‘Moses Dobrushka’ got up to, first.
When Jacob Frank dies in 1791, there’s a strange but recurrent line told, that he is offered the leadership of the Frankist movement, but turns it down.
That’s strange, at least to me, because the Frankist movement continued to be lead by Frank’s daughter, Eva, in the Offenbach court, after his death. So who was offering it to ‘Dobrushka’, I have no idea.
Now, the story gets even more strange.
‘Dobrushka’ makes a lot of money outfitting the Austrian army, in its war against the Turks.
In 1791, he’s living the life of a comfortable, wealthy man in Vienna.
Then, within a year, he’s joined the local, anti-royalty Jacobin club, and by 1792, he’s changed his name to Sigismund Gottlob Junius Brutus Frey, or Junius Frey, for short, and is actively participating in the French Revolution, together with his sister Leopoldine, and brother Emmanuel.
Rav Antelman sets out in his books, the link between Jacobinism and Sabbatean / Frankism, and here we’ve surfaced a strong connection, in real time.
Leopoldine ends up marrying none other than leading French revolutionary François Chabot in 1793.
But things don’t end well.
‘Junius Frey’ and Francois Chabot are both guillotined for two main reasons:
- They are suspected of being ‘double agents’, sent by Austrian royalty to try and free Empress Marie Antoinette.
- They get caught up in a massive financial scandal involving the French East India Company.
We will come back to the French – and the British – East India Company in a future post. There’s a lot hiding beneath that particular subject, too.
So, let’s recap what we now know about ‘Moses Dobrushka’:
- He is a blood relative of Jacob Frank.
- He converts in 1775 and makes a lot of money supplying the Austrian army.
- He’s also a Frankist, dabbling in dark kabbalah.
- He’s offered the leadership of the movement in 1791, but turns it down.
- He’s an active freemason, and even starts his own ‘secret society’ called the Order of Asiatic Brethren.
- He plays an active part in the French Revolution.
- His sister marries a leading French revolutionary.
- He is guillotined in 1795.
But who the heck was he, really?
Let’s go back to Joachim Popper, ‘Moses Dobrushka’s’ father in law, and the tobacco concession he held.
There’s very little I can find ‘in the real world’ about Joachim Popper, either, but when I plug in the name of the third ‘partner’ Israel Honig – I hit the jackpot.
Here’s a little of what I discover:
The son of a poor merchant, he received his early instruction in Bible and Talmud from his father. At the age of thirteen he went to Prague to continue his Talmudic studies, but two years later was obliged to join his father in business.
During his business trips in company with his brother Moses he became acquainted with the tobacco industry, which at that time was almost unknown in Austria.
In 1752 he was able, with his father and brother, to take over the lease of the tobacco trade of Prague, which lease, under contract with the government, he extended to several Austrian provinces.
I don’t want to overload you with information, but there were only three Jews who were involved in the tobacco concession in Austria at this time, and that was Israel Honig, his brother Aaron Moses, and his father, Lobl Henoch Honig.
We’re told this about Joachim Popper’s family:
His father, Wolf Popper, was a Primator (Chief Judge) of the Jews of Bohemia.
Israel Honig’s mother was called Pessel, and she was the daughter of that same Wolf Popper of Prague.
Israel Honig’s wife is called Katharina Wehle – she’s connected to that infamous Wehle family of Sabbatians who descended from the Eshel Avraham (Avraham Rovigo / Broda’s) circle of students.
(‘Schondel Dobrushka’s non-Jewish name is frequently given as ‘Katharina’.)
There’s more overlap, too. I found this on a genealogy site devoted to the ‘Honig’ family:
Israel Honig died in Vienna on January 19, 1808.
The majority of his descendants, however, were converted to Christianity. Israel Honig had six sons and one daughter. Maximillian Honig (1754-1832) helped to start the Vienna Jewish community and served for 30 years as Its representative.
Enoch Honig (1744-1815) another son, was the great grandfather of Isldor Busch (Bush). Leopold (Loew) Honig, Enoch’s son and Israel’s grandson, became a Frankist in Prague, under the influence of his father-in-law, Jonas Beer Wehle.
Aaron Moses, Israel’s brother and business partner, had ten children, six of whom were ennobled as Elder von Honigshofen in 1791.
Following the death of Aaron Moses Honig ‘s wife in 1796, all the children were baptized and this line of the family eventually died out.
I wish, so wish, I could set all this out clearly, and be able to tell you exactly who ‘Moses Dobrushka’ really was.
Was his father Israel Honig? Or Aaron Moses Honig? Or another brother (who didn’t hold the tobacco concession but also apostasized) called Adam Albert Honig?
Was ‘Joachim Popper’ one of these people? Or was he the older father, Lobl Henoch Honig, who disapproved of his children becoming christians?
I still don’t know.
But I can tell you that with each pass at this, I’m getting closer to finally figuring it out, with God’s help.
The last thing to mention, for now, is that Joachim Popper links us straight to the ‘Schick’ family.
That in turn links us to ‘Shlomo Zalman Rivlin’ of Shklov (married to the daughter of Natan Nota Notkin (Eybshutz, who is my candidate for the alter ego of the Alter Rebbe)), and also to Eliyahu ‘Platkes’ Rivlin, my candidate (potentially…) for the Vilna Gaon, and father of Shlomo Zalman Rivlin.
I’m still trying to figure it all out.
Honestly, I’m sometimes totally sick of all this already, and just want to stop and go play my guitar.
But every time I leave it, God keeps pulling me back.
I guess He really wants the truth ‘out there’.
And (mostly…) so do I.